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The most Advanced Design Aircraft!
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.
The human activity that surrounds it is called aviation. Crewed aircraft are flown by an on board pilot, but unmanned aerial vehicles may be remotely controlled or self-controlled by on board computers. Aircraft may be classified by different criteria, such as lift type, propulsion, usage and others.
The fuselage holds the structure together and accommodates passengers and/or cargo.
Wings generate lift and control the airflow while flying. Wing design is a crucial factor in aviation: a wing is designed to reduce drag at the leading edge, generate lift by its crescent and manage airflow using the rear edge. Furthermore, while gliding (i.e. without engine power), the wings allow the pilot to increase and decrease the descent rate.
Slats adjust the angle of attack of the wings, increasing lift. Slats are fitted at the leading edges of the wings, and deploying them increases the angle of attack of the wings, allowing the pilot to increase the lift generated by the wing.
Flaps adjust the camber of the wings, increasing lift. Flaps are normally fitted at the trailing edge of the wings. Extending the flaps increase the camber of the wings airfoil, thus increasing lift at lower speeds, an important feature for landing.
Spoilers adjust the camber of sections of the wings, decreasing lift. Spoilers are fitted on top of the wings, and are used to reduce lift on a section of the wing in a controlled manner. Spoilers are useful for decreasing lift without increasing the airspeed of the airplane or without increasing drag significantly.
Ailerons increase or decrease lifts asymmetrically, in order to change roll and, thus, move the aircraft left or right while flying. Ailerons are hinged sections fitted at the rear of each wing. Ailerons work asymmetrically as a pair: as the right aileron goes up, the left one comes down and vice versa, thus making the aircraft roll right or left, respectively.